96 Years Ago in Tulsa

If you want to know more about the pogrom* that took place May 31 & June 1, 1921 in Tulsa, these four books would be a place to start:

Rilla Askew, Fire in Beulah
Buck Colbert Franklin, My Life and an Era
Jennifer Latham, Dreamland Burning
Anna Myers, Tulsa Burning

Three of these are fiction. As a reading teacher, I’ve seen evidence that historical fiction gives readers a way to connect with events that a simple recounting might not. But there are several excellent nonfiction books on the subject, as well.

*Pogrom is a Russian word meaning “to wreak havoc, to demolish violently.” Historically, the term refers to violent attacks by local non-Jewish populations on Jews in the Russian Empire and in other countries.”  –United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Buck Colbert Franklin suggested that pogrom was more appropriate than riot to describe the destruction of the Greenwood District in Tulsa in 1921.–smithsonianmag.com

A Box of Crystal Kite Winners

I live in the woods, at least an hour from the nearest bookstore and the library system for which, as an out-of-towner, I buy yearly access. Instead of trips to the city, I look forward to a three-mile trek to the post office.

The box that came in the mail this week contained half a dozen Crystal Kite Award winners, first run books published in the past year by members of the Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators. Two books on the list I already owned and had shared with my Reading Lab students…and with a couple of second grade classes to whom I read every chance I get.

One, Tiny Stitches: The Life of Medical Pioneer Vivien Thomas by Gwendolyn Hooks and Colin Bootman, was also the winner of an NAACP Award. This is a must-share book, the story of a smart, brave African American who changed the world for the better. Tiny Stitches will appeal to students in upper elementary through high school and beyond. The storytelling is superb, as are Bootman’s illustrations.

Space Boy and the Space Pirate by Dian Curtis Regan and Robert Neubecker is the second Space Boy book. I hope there are more. The books are fun, and the kids appreciate the message about the power of imagination, not to mention tips on getting along with a pesky sister. I shared both Space Boy books with my second grade friends. They loved them as much as I did, and they got the clues and the humor.

Schools out now. I have the summer, my box of books, and plenty of coffee. Life is good!

Sharing the Love

Last Friday, while having an eye exam, I discussed my favorite Suzanne Collins series with the optometrist. His ten-year-old son and I share an appreciation for Gregor, the Overlander and for the Underland Chronicles. As the doctor talked enthusiastically about his son and books, I was reminded that it is at least partly due to reading parents and shared experiences that make his family and mine avid readers.

What kinds of books do you love?

What books do you discuss and share with family?

Are you a family of readers?

What If Reading Were Forbidden?

Edwidge Danticat delivered the keynote address at the Color of Children’s Literature Conference in New York in 2016. She spoke of “…how in Haiti she sees kids who desperately want to read but don’t have any books, and in the United States she sees kids who have plenty of books but who don’t want to read” (Jennifer De Leon, Poets and Writers).

I see this, too. It’s almost a badge of honor for some of my students, particularly boys, to say, “I don’t like to read.”

Perhaps we should share with our privileged public school students the stories of young people who will risk almost anything to have what they take for granted.

When I taught middle school and high school English, I read aloud Nightjohn by Gary Paulsen every year. Imagine being whipped for learning the letters. Even worse punishment was meted out for teaching slaves to read. Now, imagine escaping to freedom only to return to teach.

I have found two fine picture books that will introduce younger students to this dark period. Light in the Darkness: A Story about How Slaves Learned in Secret, is written by Lesa Cline-Ransome and illustrated by James E. Ransome.

How could teachers illustrate the pit schools where slaves learned in secret? Shoebox projects? A class terrarium that includes a stem-covered pit?

I follow the Ransome book with Steamboat School, written by Deborah Hopkinson and illustrated by Ron Husband.

James hates learning by candlelight in a dark basement until even that is taken away by an 1847 Missouri law. Steamboat School is based on the real life’s work of John Berry Meachum. Students will recognize how something gains value when it is taken away.

How Things Used to Be

How do you explain Jim Crow to elementary students? Gwendolyn Hook’s If You Were a Kid during the Civil Rights Movement might be a good place to start.

I grew up in an area called Little Dixie. Most of my neighbors were descendants either of the Choctaws who were force marched to Indian Territory in the 1830s or of the European immigrants who came shortly after to mine coal or hide from the law. I had no idea what segregation was or that we lived in a segregated society.

Kids only know what they know. And unless we introduce them to other worlds…through books, museums, or travel…it is all they’ll ever know.

I was in college in the 70s before I had black friends. When I read the 1977 Newbery Medal winner, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor, it was like a smack upside the head. Black schools got the worn out textbooks that the white schools no longer wanted?

A few decades ago, I wrote a column, “The Oklahoma of My Youth,” for Singles Free Press. I interviewed my friend, Minnie Woodard. Her mother taught in the black school in Chandler during the day and cooked for white families in the evening.

Minnie, herself, was in high school when Chandler schools were integrated. A scrappy basketball star, she traveled on the bus with the team. But when the team stopped to eat on the way home from an away game, she couldn’t go into the restaurant with the white players. The restaurant would take her money, but she had to eat on the bus.

Minnie shared her story with me. I shared her story with my readers. If we can’t live it, we have to read it.

Mark Twain said, “Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness…”

As far as I know, none of us can travel back in time. Fortunately, there are books and stories, both fiction and nonfiction, that can introduce us, young and old, to times and cultures other than our own.

Reading Local

I bought two baby gifts this week. For any baby shower, I give books, local books, books written by friends. This time the new mothers, both former students of mine, received copies of Your Alien by Tammi Sauer and Extraordinary Jane by Hannah E. Harrison.

Your Alien is a sweet story, told in second person, about friendship and family.  This is one of my favorites from picture book superstar Tammi Sauer.

The sequel, Your Alien Returns, appeared in 2016. It’s as good as the first alien visitation.

Extraordinary Jane is, well, extraordinary. Harrison is not only a writer who can tell a complete and beautiful story in less than a hundred words, but her illustrations are lovely.

The board book isn’t as stunning as the original hardcover, but babies need books they can carry around…and chew on, if they wish. This story is one children will want to hear again and again, one they need to hear.

I often read aloud to my current students. Like the baby gifts, many of the books they hear are written by people I know.

You sure know a lot of writers, one of my kiddos said.

Well, yes, if you belong to SCBWI, Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators, you do know a lot of writers. In Oklahoma, make that a lot of successful writers.  And illustrators.

Check out the work of Sauer and Harrison for yourself. And stay tuned. I plan to introduce you to more of my friends.

Junie B. Meets Pet Club

Thanks to First Book, my students received a copy of  Junie B. Jones Smells Something Fishy.  We read the book aloud before they took it home.  Junie B. is disappointed that she can’t bring her dog, Tickles, to the class pet fair.  Sure, she can bring a photo, but her friends are bringing real animals–birds, frogs, things in cages.  Julie B. needs a quick, small pet.

As we read, we composed a list of names for a pet earthworm. Worm Washington topped the list.  No, this does not give way the ending.

Every kid had a pet story to share.  As I listened, I thought of Gwendolyn Hooks’ easy reader series, Pet Club.

Next week they’ll read The Pet Club stories on their own or with a partner.